NATO – Ukraine cooperation in the field of defence and security
One of the areas of practical cooperation with NATO is a defence-technical cooperation (DTC), which is directed by an appropriate NATO – Ukraine Joint Working Group (JWG) within the NATO – Ukraine Commission. JWG is responsible for identifying and coordinating the implementation of the practical measures of cooperation in the field of armaments.
The JWG is headed by:
- From the Ukrainian side – First Deputy Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, the Chairman of the Interdepartmental Commission on policy issues of defence and technical cooperation and expert control
- From NATO side – NATO Deputy Secretary General for Defence Investment – Director of Defence Investment Department, NATO International Secretariat.
The objective of the DTC: pragmatic use of international cooperation for the development of weapons and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the national defence industry.
Systematic participation of Ukraine in the DTC events permits:
- Use of the best technical standards/methodologies of the leading nations during the life cycle of weapons and military equipment (research, development, production, operation, storage, modernisation, repair, recovery and utilisation);
- Development of industrial and scientific-technical potential, and competitiveness of the national defence enterprises.
The main forms of the DTC is Ukraine’s participation in:
- Meetings within the Conference of NATO National Armaments Directors and its working groups/sub-groups;
- NATO Committee for Standardisation;
- Development of technical standards, other NATO documents on armaments;
- NATO subgroups on consultation, command and control;
- Multinational projects of “Smart Defence” concept;
- Research of NATO Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG) and NATO Science and Technology Organisation (STO);
- Testing, multinational NATO research exercises.
In addition, under the DTC, Ukraine takes part in:
- The implementation of relevant NATO Trust Funds / Partnership for Peace (PfP) projects;
- Support partnerships and other projects of NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA), which are of interest;
- NATO Codification System;
- Implementation of the program for the exchange of air situational data.
In 2014, five new Trust Funds were launched for the benefit of assisting Ukraine in the critical areas of development of security and defence sector, two of them related to DTC:
Command, Control, Communications and Computers (C4) Trust Fund
Objective: modernisation of communications capabilities and acquisition of modern Communications and Information Services (CIS) and technologies.
Logistics and Standardisation Trust Fund
Objective: to help Ukraine’s logistic system and increase interoperability with NATO, notably through the adoption of NATO standards in the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
Besides, NATO Trust Fund / PfP for utilisation of small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition in Ukraine is on-going
Within the Trust Fund, among other things, in accordance with Ukraine’s commitments to implement the Ottawa Convention, the destruction of anti-personnel mines of PFM-1 type is being carried out.
Said Trust Fund is the largest in the world in terms of its kind.
Objective: to assist in utilising:
- 1st phase (2006 – 2010, completed) – 400 thousand units of SALW, 1 thousand of MANPADS and 15 thousand tons of ammunition.
- 2nd phase (2012 – 2017, in process) – 366 thousand units of SALW and 36.3 thousand tons of ammunition, 76 thousand tons of conventional munitions, 3 million units of anti-personnel mines PFM-1.
- 3rd phase – 366 thousand units of SALW and 39.3 thousand tons of ammunition, 3 million units of anti-personnel mines PFM-1.
- 4th phase – 368 thousand units of SALW and 42.4 thousand tons of ammunition.